Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is a biological condition which makes the child hard to sit still and concentrate on the given task. The child might be so restless that he can be recognized easily.
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is another condition that makes it hard for many children to pay proper attention during a task. They are inattentive but they are not hyperactive or impulsive. They are mostly shy in nature.
Please note-ADD and ADHD is not same. At the same time, Autism is also different from ADHD / ADD. Children with autism can have ADHD / ADD as an associated disorder
ADHD is subdivided into three types
Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type
Predominantly inattentive type
The prevalence (incidence) of ADHD / ADD is 2%-17% worldwide in the age group 4 yrs to 17 yrs.
Signs / Symptoms of ADHD
If a child has any combinations of the following symptoms / signs, for past six months it may be ADHD.
Signs and symptoms related to Inattention
The child forgets things, mostly confused and appears to not be listening
The child finds it hard to concentrate and jumps quickly from one activity to another
The child gets easily bored with an activity unless it’s very enjoyable
The child struggles to get organized and finish tasks in time
The child has difficulty learning new things and following directions
The child is smart but he doesn’t understand or “get” things you expect
Signs and symptoms related to Impulsivity
The child is impatient and has trouble waiting for a turn
The child interrupts people and bursts out inappropriately
The child shows overreaction to feelings and emotional situations
The child doesn’t understand the consequences of his actions
Signs and Symptoms related to Hyperactivity
He talks almost constantly
He moves nonstop even when sitting down
He moves from place to place quickly and frequently
He fidgets and has to pick up everything and play with it
He has trouble sitting still for meals and other quiet activities
Skills / Activities mostly affected due to ADHD If a child has ADHD, he might be getting problems with
Organization, planning and learning
Thinking things through
Paying attention to new information
Applying knowledge from one area to a different one
Staying focused without getting bored
Causes of ADHD
The exact cause of ADHD is still unknown. But we know it’s a brain-based biological condition. The possible causes of ADHD include:
Faulty genes and heredity
Differences in the brain
There’s no specific medical test that can confirm that a child has ADHD. ADHD is diagnosed through observations and assessments, using the DSM5. A few medical tests are done to rule out other similar medical conditions and associated problems
Associated Conditions with ADHD Children with ADHD often have other associated conditions as well. Such as
Emotional regulation issues
Auditory processing disorder
Social (pragmatic) communication disorder
Oral-Motor tic disorders
All of the above conditions are treated successfully with proper medications and habilitation therapies
Management and Treatment of ADHD When we treat / manage ADHD, we manage the associated problems first to get optimal results from the combination treatments. Sometimes ADHD is treated with medicines only, but a combination of medications and habilitation therapy is often best.
Role of Medication
Lot of medicines is available for the treatment of ADHD. A few of these are
Methylphenidate, Dexamfetamine, Lisdexamfetamine, Atomoxetine, Guanfacine
Although, these medicines aren't a permanent cure for ADHD, but they may help to concentrate better, be less impulsive, feel calmer, learn and practice new skills.
Role of Habilitation Therapies
Along with medications, different therapies can be useful in treating ADHD in children.
There is a long list of therapies available. Some of these are:
Role of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
Our partner organization have treated a few cases of ADHD with HBOT and observed good response. Internationally lot of organizations is treating children with ADHD with HBOT as HBOT helps to reduce hyperactivity and increase concentration
Role of Stem Cell Therapy
Along with medication, habilitation therapies stem cell therapy showing remarkable improvements in children with ADHD. ICD’s multimodal approach helps children to get optimal result along with SCT.
Role of Complementary and Alternative Medicines
Homeopathy: It has numerous medicines which not helps ADHD but cures when it is used as primary medicines in n\mild to moderate ADHD afflicted young children
Ayurveda: Ayurvedic medicines improve features related to emotional, behavioral, psychological and physical disturbances.
Acupuncture: Acupuncture has been widely used to lessen the severity of the core symptoms in patients with ADHD
Our multimode treatment project have included Yoga, Unani, Hydrotherapy, Hippo therapy and Acupressure as need based treatment for children with ADHD
Prognosis and employment opportunities for children with ADHD
Mostly person with ADHD can lead a productive and successful life. They are always managed with medications and structured therapies. A few of them can have residual problem lifelong which can mask his / her potentials to get job and employment opportunities.
If you want to know which treatment or therapies is best suited for your child / ward, please contact us and get free technical support
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