Neuromuscular disorders

Neuromuscular Diseases / Neurodegenerative Disorders / Myopathy  

Neuromuscular disorders / diseases are the problems of the nerves that control voluntary muscles and sensory nerves. These disorders cause muscle weakness and fatigue that progress over time. These neuromuscular disorders can have symptoms from infancy, or may appear in childhood or even adulthood. Symptoms vary according the type of neuromuscular disorders. These neuromuscular conditions affect boys and girls of all ages.

There are more than 150 types of neuromuscular conditions which affects human. Neuromuscular diseases are either acquired or inherited.  Acquired conditions typically result from injuries to or inflammation of the nerves and muscles. Majority of the neuromuscular disorders are inherited in nature

Broadly, neuromuscular disorders are classified as

  • Disorders of Muscle
  • Disorders of Nerve
  • Disorders of Neuromuscular junction
  • Disorders of Anterior horn cell

Common signs / symptoms of neuromuscular disorders are

  • Muscle weakness that can lead to twitching, cramps, aches and pains
  • Numbness, tingling or painful sensations
  • Movement problems
  • Muscle spasticity
  • Muscle pain
  • Muscle loss
  • Balance problems
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Double vision
  • Droopy eyelids
  • Trouble breathing, etc

Common neuromuscular disorders are

  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Spinal muscular atrophy
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Guillain-Barre Syndrome
  • Inflammatory Myopathies etc

For the last 20 years, ICD and its associate centers have been providing treatments and re-habilitation services to patients with all neuromuscular disorders / diseases. The most common neuromuscular disorders / diseases in our practice are 

DMD (Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy)
SMA (Spinal Muscular Atrophy)

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